4. Disk Partitioning
Let's do some practical stuff with filesytems by working through the process on a USB drive. If you don't have one, no worries, you can still follow along these next couple of lessons.
First we'll need to partition our disk. There are many tools available to do this:
- fdisk - basic command-line partitioning tool, it does not support GPT
- parted - this is a command line tool that supports both MBR and GPT partitioning
- gparted - this is the GUI version of parted
- gdisk - fdisk, but it does not support MBR only GPT
Let's use parted to do our partitioning. Let's say I connect the USB device and we see the device name is /dev/sdb2.
$ sudo parted
You'll be entered in the parted tool, here you can run commands to partition your device.
Select the device
To select the device you'll be working with, select it by its device name.
View current partition table
Model: Seagate (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 21.5GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1049kB 6860MB 6859MB primary ext4 boot
2 6861MB 21.5GB 14.6GB extended
5 6861MB 7380MB 519MB logical linux-swap(v1)
6 7381MB 21.5GB 14.1GB logical xfs
Here you will see the available partitions on the device. The start and end points are where the partitions take up space on the hard drive, you'll want to find a good start and end location for your partitions.
Partition the device
mkpart primary 123 4567
Now just choose a start and end point and make the partition, you'll need to specify the type of partition depending on what table you used.
Resize a partition
You can also resize a partition if you don't have any space.
resize 2 1245 3456
Select the partition number and then the start and end points of where you want to resize it to.
Parted is a very powerful tool and you should be careful when partitioning your disks.
Partition a USB drive with half of the drive as ext4 and the other half as free space.
What is the parted command to make a partition?